LEVICH INSTITUTE SEMINAR ANNOUNCEMENT, 02/03/2004

Tuesday, 02/03/2004
4:00 PM
Steinman Hall, Room #312
(Chemical Engineering Conference Room)

Dr. Itai Cohen
Harvard University
Division of Engineering and Applied Science


"The Shear Excitement of Confined Colloidal Suspensions "


ABSTRACT


Packing constraints play a crucial role in determining the structures formed by a colloidal suspension in thermodynamic equilibrium. However, many technological applications of colloidal suspensions entail application of large strains which drive the suspension out of equilibrium and significantly modify its structure. In such flows, the complex interplay between shear induced stresses and particle packing which leads to structure formation is very poorly understood. To investigate this interplay, we have built a shear cell which can be loaded onto a confocal microscope thus allowing us to image the 3-D microstructure of a dense colloidal suspension when it is subjected to an imposed oscillatory strain. In this talk, I will describe the dramatic restructuring of extremely dense colloidal suspensions subjected to shear and confined to a narrow gap. I will show that confinement forces the suspension to adopt structures that include striking gaps in the particle packing which nevertheless allow the particles to pack more efficiently than those observed in bulk. I will then present a model that accounts for our observations by elucidating the interplay between shear stress, particle packing and geometric confinement that leads to these ordered but highly non-equilibrium structures.

BRIEF ACADEMIC/EMPLOYMENT HISTORY:
  • BS Physics UCLA 1991 - 1995; Research advisor: Daniel Kivelson investigated super cooled liquids
  • PhD Physics University of Chicago 1995 - 2001; Research advisor: Sidney Nagel. Investigated singularity formation in two fluid free surface flows
  • Post Doc Harvard University 2001 - Present; Research supervisor: David Weitz. Investigating sheared colloidal suspensions